Frederick Starnes (Staring, Starn, Starns) was born ca. 1700 in Alzey Germany. Around the age of 9, young Frederick began his journey to American with his father, Johann Adam Staring and his uncle Johann Nicholas Staring. In May or June of 1709, the Staring family arranged passage for their families and packed their meager belongings. They boarded a barge that was bound for Rotterdam.
The voyage down the Rhine River took just over three weeks and finally they reached Rotterdam. The Staring family stayed only a month or so in Rotterdam before leaving on or about August 6, 1709 and set sail for Blackheath in London. Here the family would be forced to live in such deplorable conditions. The Palatine immigrants were subjected to sleeping anywhere that provided shelter and took up residence inside several warehouses and even military tents that were issued by the Board of Ordnance.
There was no work to be found. Eventhough the Palatine immigrants were know to be willing, robust workers. They were totally dependant upon the government. Most of the inhabitants of London distrusted the Germans but there were several who felt sorry for them and wanted to help. Some residence would bring leftover food, clothing they could afford to give away and other items that would help substain the struggling Palatine people. There is no doubt this helped our Staring family survive.
A number of proposals were brought before Queen Anne on what to do with the 3,000 or so Palatines. Colonel Robert Hunter, the newly appointed gorernor of New York and New Jersey, proposed on September 9, 1709 that the Palatine immigrants be sent to New York and be employed in the production of tar and pitch for the Royal Navy. The Board of Trade approved the proposal in only three day. They were extremely happy to see the burdensome Palatines leave London.
Finally, on Christmas Day, 1709, ten ships arrived on the Thames to take the Palatines to New York. Boarding began that night. Due to confusion in berthing and provisioning, and amendments to the ship's charter, the ships would not set sail. The Staring family had high hopes of being in New York in 8 to 10 weeks.
This delay was extended when the ministry of Queen Anne advised her that a proposed subsistence and work contract was needed to protect her against charges of unprecendented charity by her enemies. The contract was drawn up but was not signed by the Queen. Further delaying the travels to the new world.
Then on April 10, 1710, after spending 4 months on these cramped, vermin infested vessels, the Starings and 3,000 of their countrymen, set sail for the New York Harbor. It is believed that while on this journey, Frederick's mother died on the high seas before reaching the American shore. She could have been one of the 446 Palatines who Governor Hunter reported as dead by the end of July 1710.
The six weeks that was estimated to arrive in New York actually took eight. In total, our Staring ancestors spent 6 months aboard the ship. Four and a half months in the ships on the Thames River and another 2 months sailing to America. On June 14, 1710, our Staring ancestors arrive in the harbor of New York
Once in New York, Frederick and the Staring family lived on the Hudson River at Livingston Manor. Next, on April 23, 1711, the family moved to Livingston Manor's West Camp Palatine settlement on the west bank of the Hudson River, which is 40 miles south of Albany, NY. This site is still called the "Villiage of West Camp, NY."
From here the Starings and other Palatine family left West Camp and set out for "Schonhare" on March 1713. The family settled down at Gerlachsdorf. Immediately, they began working on their cabins which were generally small, one-room cabins with earthen floors and animal skins covering the door openings. Gerlachsdorf was named for Johann Christopher Gerlach who was a former listmaster for the tar making in one of the West Camp settlements.
Governor Hunter was not fond of the Palatine immigrants. He considered them all to be troublemakers and always opposed them settling in Schoharie. On the other hand, all of the Palatines distrusted Gov. Hunter and the New York government. Our ancestors were lucky. Eventually a new New York Governor, William Burnet, was instructed in London to provide the Palatines suitable land. With this request, the Governor arranged for them to obtain Indian land in the Mohawk Valley.
These lands would be divided up into one hundred acre lots. On the 28th day of March, 1723, 92 individuals were assigned these lots. At this date, Frederick had reached maturity, married Mary Goldman and fathered a son, Valentine (1722). In the Burnetfield Patents, we get a glimpse of his name in a record for the first time.
Frederick received lot #24. Valentine recieve lot #6 which was adjacent to his fathers. Thirty acrea of Frederick's lot is now the center of the town of Herkimer, including the park where the S.T.A. erected a monument in 1998. For about 20 or so years, Frederick and Mary Goldman Starnes lived in New York and raised seven children.
Valentine Starns, born ca. 1722; Frederick Starns II, born ca. 1724; Leonard Starns, born ca. 1726; Joseph Starns, born ca. 1730; Adam Starns, born ca. 1732; Thomas Starns, born ca. 1734 and a daughter Sarah Starns, born ca. 1738. These seven children would contribute to our American history and assist in its defense.
Our American patriarch assisted in the defense, responsibility, and preservation of the American Colonies. "On November 17, 1733, he was appointed Ensign in the Militia of Albany Co., New York, by Governor William Crosby." (Governor William Crosby's "List of Officers of the Militia for Albany County, November 17, 1733")
Frederick lived in West Camp, NY from about 1710 to 1712. Then the family settled down in the Schoharie and German Flatts area of New York from around 1713 to 1741. Eventually Frederick and Mary decided to migrate south into Pennsylvania and took up residence along the Juanita River around 1741 and lived there until 1743. Today, this would be the small town of Mexico, PA.
Next, Frederick moved himself and the family into the New River area of Virginia in Augusta County. In the first Augusta County survey book there is an entry with the date 30th October 1746, "A survey of 500 acres for Col. Patton on the west side of Woods River, known by the name of "the old Starnes place'." This record proves that Frederick was one of the first settlers on the New River
Mary's brother, Jacob Goldman died in the summer of 1750. In August of the same year, Frederick was named executor of his brother-in-law's estate. Mary had refused to administer the estate and the will was probated on May 26, 1751.
There is no doubt that Frederick was one of the earliest adventurers on the New River. The Patton-Preston notebook records that Frederick Stearn, Sr. entered 100 acres with Buchanan in 1744, in addition to 100 acres with Mr. Poge in 1744, and 400 more. Yet there is more evidence to be found through these early records of Fredericks early arrival on the New River. Recorded in the Wood's River Entry Book is the following words: "Octo. 24, 1745, Frederick Starn settled last spring by ye River. I was told he intended to take 400 acres."
This book also recorded that on March 12, 1747, Frederick Stern, Sr., entered 200 acres on "ye mouth of Crab Creek," and Frederick Stern, Jr., 200 acres "below the Little Horse Shoe" (Augusta County Survey Book 1; Patton-Preston Account Book; wood's River Entry Book, Filson Club)
Drapers Meadow Attack
During this time, reports of trouble with the Indians were spread throughout the community. Here and there, the settlers experienced isolated attacks by warriors in war paint. Hearing this Frederick moved to the east side of the New River. Frederick Starn obtained a his patent for 85 acres on Crab Creek on August 22, 1753. Crab Creek is described as a triburary of the New River that flows westward from the present site of Christianburg and into the river on the northern outskirts of Radford, Virginia.
During the French and Indian War, Frederick was wonded while working his fields, harvesting grain. Eventhough Frederick was wounded, he was able to return the Indians fire and make his escape. This would only be one of many attacks by the Indians. On July 30th, the Shawnee attacked Drapers Meadows (Blacksburg) in force. This attack was devastating. Drapers Meadow was all but wiped out. All had either been killed, wounded, or carried away.
Many early families decided to flee the area and headed eastward. Our Starnes family decided to stick it out and stayed on at the New River settlements. At the age of 23, Lt. Col. George Washington was appointed commander of the Virginia Militia. For the next two years he had command of nearly 700 rough and rowdy irregulars who had to defend the nearly 350 miles of frontier.
During the year of 1756, Frederick served as county commissioner, supplying beef for the militia. His job required him to purchase beef from the settlers, any they could spare, and issue certificates as payment. Several of Frederick's son served during the "Cherokee Expedition (1759-60). Among these militia frontiersmen were sons Frederick II, Joseph, Leonard and Adam.
Due to the hostile Inidans, Frederick was always looking for better land n the Holston or the Clinch. By 1769, the Starnes family began moving off the New River and down on the middle fork of the Holston and settled on Loyal Land Company patents. Frederick had sold the land he had purchased from Col. Patton on the New River to John Taylor in 1767. The 85 acres on Crab Creek (by patent of august 22, 1753, between Radford and Christiansburg) was sold on February 12, 1768 to George Teetar (Tarter) for 10 pounds.
Frederick would live in the Holston River area from about 1769 to his death in 1774. "By order of Council December 16, 1773 and being a part of the Loyal Company Grant surveyed for: "Frederick Stern (Frederick Starnes I), 238 acres on both sides of Lick Run a branch of the middle fork of Holston's River~June 1, 1774."
Frederick's final homestead would today be the town of Chilhowie, Virginia (Smyth Co.). Frederick is believed to be buried at the Sulpher Springs Cemetery. The S.T.A. dedicated a memorial marker in his honor.
(c)2009 Scotty Starnes